Wikia

OBTS Wiki

RailCar Couplers

Talk0
25pages on
this wiki

Redirected from Railcar Couplers

Listed & described below are various RailCar\RollingStock couplers as typically used throughout the world on historic & modern Industrial+Mainline+Mining+NarrowGauge+Plantation+Transit railways. The same coupler is often known by several different names. Compromise Couplers\Wagons are used to transition between Different\Incompatible couplers. Click any Image\Video thumbnail below for a larger view.

AAR Couplers

RailCarCoupler.AARx 0000RailCarCoupler.AARx 0001RailCarCoupler.AARx 0002
Also known as Janney, American, BuckEye, Knuckle, MCB\ARA\APTA couplers
1873 Design+Patent by Eli Janney (Alexandria Virginia)
Wide use in NorthAmerica+SouthAmerica+Africa+Asia+Austrialia+Japan+MidEast
Limited use in Britain+NewZeaLand on Freight+Passenger Unit trains
SubType AARD used 1893~1931, with 9"High SlottedKnuckle, for transition from LINK+MH&P couplers
SubType AARE used 1932\Later, with 11"High HeavyDutyKnuckle, for General Freight Locos+Wagons
SubType AARF used 1954\Later, with InterLock Safety Design, for HazMat+Rotary Wagons
SubType AARH used 1947\Later, with TightLock Slackless Design, for Passenger Locos+Wagons
All SubTypes will mate to any other AAR coupler
Scale 0.500\0.750 versions known as Sharon couplers are used on Amusement+Industrial railways
Compromise AAR~EURO couplers are known as SwingHead couplers in Britain+Australia+NewZeaLand
Compromise AAR~RUSS couplers are used for interchange in North+West China
Compromise AAR~WAB\SCHA couplers are used for Loco~Unit rescue in NorthAmerica
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling; AARH couplers may have FullAuto Air+Electric connections
Maximum Ratings: Draft 650kLb 2891kN, Tonnage 36376USTon 33000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 230kLb 1067kN, Tonnage 13227USTon 12000MetricTon
Reference:
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bljannycoupler.htm
http://home.comcast.net/~brmetcalf/rr/couplerp.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janney_coupler
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tightlock_coupling
http://web.archive.org/web/20110929160607/http://www.narhf.org/nar01/NAR01awards_coupler.html
http://trn.trains.com/en/Railroad%20Reference/ABCs%20of%20Railroading/2006/05/Couplers.aspx
http://www.columbuscastings.com/locomotive_couplers.html
http://www.columbuscastings.com/couplers_yokes.html
http://www.columbuscastings.com/couplers.html
http://www.apta.com/aptasearchcenter/results.aspx?k=type%20H%20coupler
http://www.railroad.net/forums/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=66097
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/1109715940-213827605/Railway_coupler_13_of_railway_wagon.html
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/680045925-213827605/No_17_interlocked_fixed_railway_coupler.html

ABC Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ABCx 0000RailCarCoupler.ABCx 0001
Also known as AutoBuffingContact couplers
1906 Design+Patent by J.T.Jepson (Wolverhampton England)
Simular to though incompatible with NCDA couplers
Replaced outlawed LINK couplers on British NarrowGauge in Africa+Honduras+India+Pakistan
SemiAuto Coupling, SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 35kLb 156kN, Tonnage 1959USTon 1777MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.historywebsite.co.uk/Museum/Transport/Trains/ABC/ABC01.htm

ALBErt Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Albe 0000RailCarCoupler.Albe 0001
1920s Design+Patent by Karl Albert (Krefeld Germany)
Limited use as SemiPermanent DrawBars on Passenger Units in Europe
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertkupplung
http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertkoppel

BSI Couplers

RailCarCoupler.BSIx 0000RailCarCoupler.BSIx 0001
Also known as BergischeSteelIndustries couplers
1950s Design+Patent by BSI (Germany)
Limited use on Passenger Units in Britain+Germany+China
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://members.madasafish.com/~dysgraphyk/156/class156_BSI_coupling.htm

CB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0002RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0003
Also known as CenterBuffer, BalanceBeam couplers
Various designs & configurations
Limited use on NarrowGauge Stock in Africa+Europe
Manual Coupling, Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20061028S170_GFN-Zp2.jpg
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBalancierhebelkupplung&sandbox=1

EURO Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Engl 0000RailCarCoupler.Engl 0001RailCarCoupler.Engl 0002
Also known as British, Chain+Buffers, English, Instanter, Links+Buffers, Screw+Buffers couplers
1830 development of early simple chains by Liverpool+ManchesterRailway
Wide use in Britain+Africa+Europe+IreLand+MidEast+NewZeaLand
Limited use in Asia+Australia+SouthAmerica
Historic use in Japan; Replaced by AAR couplers in 1925
Compromise EURO~AAR couplers are known as DropHead|SwingHead couplers
Compromise EURO~RUSS couplers are known as AK69|SA4 or CAKv|SA5 couplers
Compromise EURO~SCHA couplers are known as Dellner couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 303kLb 1350kN, Tonnage 4409USTon 4000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 191kLb 850kN, Tonnage 2755USTon 2500MetricTon
Reference:
http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/gansg/4-rstock/04arstock2b.htm
http://www.rssb.co.uk/SiteCollectionDocuments/rv_coupling_system_data/mechanical/M001.pdf
http://www.mrol.com.au/Articles/Prototype/3-ShackleScrewCouplings.aspx
http://www.msvmetal.eu/en/products/screw-couplings.php
http://www.railfaneurope.net/pix/de/electric/historic/103_1/orientrot/103_170-199/db_103-174_0003.jpg

Typical Mounting Dimensions For Buffers Used With EURO Couplers:

On 4.708f 1.435m Railways: HeightATOR=3.458f 1.054m, Center~Center=5.741f 1.750m to 6.000f 1.829m
On 5.000f 1.524m Railways: HeightATOR=3.543f 1.080m, Center~Center=6.000f 1.829m
On 5.250f 1.600m Railways: HeightATOR=3.281f 1.000m, Center~Center=6.250f 1.905m
On 3.281f 1.000m Railways: HeightATOR=2.461f 0.750m, Center~Center=?

GFAG Couplers

RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0000RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0001
Designed+Patent by GeorgFischerAG(GFAG|+GF+), now part of SchwabTransportAG
SubTypes include GFNebenbahn(GFN), GFTram(GFT), GFVorortsbahn(GFV)
Limited use on NarrowGauge stock in Belgium+CzechRepublic+SwitzerLand
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 225kLb 1000kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:GF_couplers

LINK Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Link 0000RailCarCoupler.Link 0001RailCarCoupler.Link 0002RailCarCoupler.Link 0003
Also known as Link & Pin, Cone, Mayo, Trichter, Trumpet, VanDorn couplers
1831~1900 Wide use in the Americas+Europe; Outlawed due to injuries
1893~1900 Compromise LINK~AAR Transition couplers were MCB\AARD.SlottedKnuckle couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 69kLb 307kN, Tonnage 3858USTon 3500MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://cprr.org/Museum/Ephemera/Link-Pin_Couplers.html
http://harveycountyvoices.blogspot.com/2013/04/tools-from-our-collection-link-and-pin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railway_coupling#Link_and_pin
http://thecourier.typepad.com/alongtherightofway/2009/09/link-pin-couplers.html
http://railwaysurgery.org/Limbs.htm
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FTrichterkupplung&sandbox=1
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FTrompetenkupplung

MH&P Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Mill 0000RailCarCoupler.Mill 0001RailCarCoupler.Mill 0002RailCarCoupler.Mill 0003
Also known as MillerHook&Platform couplers
1863~1866 Design+Patent by Ezra Miller (Brooklyn NewYork)
1863~1900 Limited use on Passenger Wagons in NorthAmerica; Replaced by AAR couplers
MH&P couplers had slot to mate with LINK+AARD couplers on Locos & Freight Wagons
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents?vid=56594
http://archive.org/stream/millerstrussedp00millgoog#page/n2/mode/2up
http://www.midcontinent.org/fund/miller.html
http://www.midcontinent.org/collectn/woodpas/mlsw63/miller.html
http://www.midcontinent.org/rollingstock/dictionary/millerhook.htm
http://www.midcontinent.org/rollingstock/dictionary/millerhook_restoration.htm

NCDA Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003
Also known as NorwegianConversionDoubleArticulated, Chopper, Jones, Yoke couplers
Simular to but incompatible with ABC couplers
Wide use on NarrowGauge stock in Europe+Africa+Asia+Australia+Britain+NewZealand
SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 55kLb 245kN, Tonnage 885USTon 803MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_coupling
http://www.castledare.com.au/letters/C+S%20July%202011.pdf

RUSSian Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Russ 0000RailCarCoupler.Russ 0001RailCarCoupler.Russ 0003RailCarCoupler.Russ 0002
Also known as Willison, SovietAuto, AutoKuppler1969(AK69), CompactAutoKuppler5(CAKv) couplers
1913 RUS1\SA1 Design+Patent by John Willison (Derby England)
1930 RUS2\SA2 Developed+Sold by NationalCastingCo(US) to RussianRailways
1945 RUS3\SA3 Developed in Russia for heavier/longer trains
1969 RUS4\SA4\AK69 Developed by Knorr as Euro Interchange standard, never fully adopted
2002 RUS5\SA5\CAKv Developed by WABCo as Euro Interchange standard, with FullAuto Pneu+Elec
Wide use on 5.000f 1.524m lines in Russia+East\NorthEurope+MidEast+India
Limited use on Industrial+Mining stock in America+Europe
Compromise RUSS~AAR couplers used in Russ~China Interchange
Compromise RUSS~EURO RUS4\SA4\AK69 & RUS5\SA5\CAKv couplers used in Russ~Euro Interchange
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling; RUS5\SA5\CAKv has FullAuto Pneu+Elec connections
Maximum Ratings: Draft 661kLb 2940kN, Tonnage 9149USTon 8300MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 430kLb 1912kN, Tonnage 5952USTon 5400MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents/US1201667
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SA3_coupler
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-AKv_coupler
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%B2%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%BA%D0%B0_%D0%A1%D0%90-3
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:C-AKv_frontal_Zeichnung.svg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/heyst/13014074985/sizes/l
http://www.railcolor.be/forum/viewtopic.php?f=34&t=524&p=3462
http://www.automatische-mittelpufferkupplung.de/files/automatische_mittelpufferkupplung.pdf
http://www.irwincar.com/sites/default/files/sales-materials/Irwin%20Car%20Willison%20Coupler%20Flyer.PDF
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/902970841-213827605/CA_3_automatic_railway_casting_steel_coupler_with_parts.html

SCHArfenberg Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Scha 0000RailCarCoupler.Scha 0001RailCarCoupler.Scha 0002
Also known as Dellner, German, SchaKu(ScharfenbergKupplong), Voith couplers
1903 Design+Patent by Karl Scharfenberg (Kaliningrad Russia)
SubTypes include Types10\35\55\140\330\430\5301
Incompatible similar designs include GFAG\Shibata\Shinkansen\WABH\WABT
Global use on Modern Passenger Units, Limited use on Foundry Wagons for FullAutoRemoteOperation
Compromise SCHA~EURO & SCHA~AAR couplers are used for Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 338kLb 1500kN, Tonnage 1102USTon 1000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://resource.voith.com/vt/publications/downloads/1994_e_vts_212_852_connect_u_protect_280x210_rz_screen.pdf
http://us.voith.com/en/products-services/power-transmission/scharfenberg-couplers/the-scharfenberg-operating-principle-13784.html
http://www.voith.com/en/products-services/power-transmission/scharfenberg-couplers/scharfenberg-couplers-railcars-14310.html
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Scharfenberg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scharfenberg_coupler
http://demo.internet-in-a-box.org/iiab/zim/wikipedia_en_all_nopic_01_2012/A/Scharfenberg%20coupler.html

WAB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002;
Also known as Budd, TypeH, Tomlinson, NewYork, PinCup, TypeN, TypeT, Westinghouse couplers
Various incompatible designs include WABH2A\C, WABN, WABTomlinson6\8\16
Limited used on NorthAmerican+Australian+Japanese Passenger Units
Compromise WAB~AAR couplers are used for Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railway_coupling#Westinghouse_H2C_MU_coupler
http://members.trainweb.com/bedt/indloco/sbr.html
http://books.google.com/books?id=T2s3AQAAMAAJ&lpg=PA549&ots=57VhGVTCuf&dq=%22ohio%20brass%22%201914%20tomlinson&pg=PA552#v=twopage&q=%22ohio%20brass%22%201914%20tomlinson&f=false

WARD Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Ward 0000RailCarCoupler.Ward 0001
1903 Design+Patent by RobertStearns+FrankWard (Chicago Illinois)
1905~1935 use on British LondonUnderGround+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight stock
Requires problematic SafetyChains that often Drag+Short to 3rdRail
Replaced by WEDG couplers on 1936\Later Transit stock
WARD couplers can still be seen on older Engineering\MaintenanceOfWay stock
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents/US737673
http://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/pages/US737673-0.png
http://www.trainweb.org/tubeprune/coupling.htm#LER%20Tube%20Lines

WEDGelock Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0000RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0001RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0002RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0003RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0004
Also known as London couplers
Limited use on 1936\Later British LondonUnderground+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight stock
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?USTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.trainweb.org/districtdave/html/coupling___uncoupling.html

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki