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Listed & described below are various RailCar\RollingStock couplers as typically used throughout the world on historic & modern Industrial+Mainline+Mining+NarrowGauge+Plantation+Transit railways. A given coupler is often known by several different names. Compromise Couplers\Wagons are used to transition between different otherwise incompatible couplers. Click Images\Videos below for a larger view. Dead links may be revived via the InternetArchive.

AAR Couplers

RailCarCoupler.AARx 0000RailCarCoupler.AARx 0001RailCarCoupler.AARx 0002
Also known as Janney\American\BuckEye\Knuckle\MCB\ARA\APTA couplers
1873 Design+Patent by Eli Janney (Alexandria Virginia)
Wide use in NorthAmerica+SouthAmerica+Africa+Asia+Austrialia+India+Japan+MidEast
Limited use in Britain+NewZeaLand on Freight+Passenger Unit trains
SubType AARD used 1893~1931, with 9"High SlottedKnuckle, for transition from LINK+MH&P couplers
SubType AARE used 1932+Later, with 11"High HeavyDutyKnuckle, for General Freight Locos+Wagons
SubType AARF used 1954+Later, with InterLock Safety Design, for HazMat+Rotary Wagons
SubType AARH used 1947+Later, with TightLock Slackless Design, for Passenger Locos+Wagons
All AAR SubTypes will mate to any other AAR coupler
Scale 0.500\0.750 versions known as Sharon couplers are used on Amusement+Industrial railways
Compromise AAR~EURO couplers are known as SwingHead couplers in Britain+Australia+NewZeaLand
Compromise AAR~RUSS couplers are used for interchange in North+West China
Compromise AAR~WAB\SCHA couplers are used for Loco~Unit rescue in NorthAmerica
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling; AARH couplers may have FullAuto Air+Electric connections
Maximum Ratings: Draft 650kLb 2891kN, Tonnage 36376ShortTon 33000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 230kLb 1067kN, Tonnage 13227ShortTon 12000MetricTon
Reference:
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bljannycoupler.htm
http://home.comcast.net/~brmetcalf/rr/couplerp.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janney_coupler
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tightlock_coupling
http://web.archive.org/web/20110929160607/http://www.narhf.org/nar01/NAR01awards_coupler.html
http://trn.trains.com/en/Railroad%20Reference/ABCs%20of%20Railroading/2006/05/Couplers.aspx
http://www.columbuscastings.com/locomotive_couplers.html
http://www.columbuscastings.com/couplers_yokes.html
http://www.columbuscastings.com/couplers.html
http://www.apta.com/aptasearchcenter/results.aspx?k=type%20H%20coupler
http://www.railroad.net/forums/viewtopic.php?f=9&t=66097
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/1109715940-213827605/Railway_coupler_13_of_railway_wagon.html
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/680045925-213827605/No_17_interlocked_fixed_railway_coupler.html

ABC Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ABCx 0000RailCarCoupler.ABCx 0001
Also known as AutoBuffingContact couplers
1906 Design+Patent by J.T.Jepson (Wolverhampton England)
Simular but incompatible with NCDA couplers
Replaced outlawed LINK couplers on British NarrowGauge in Africa+Honduras+India+Pakistan
SemiAuto Coupling, SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 35kLb 156kN, Tonnage 1959ShortTon 1777MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.historywebsite.co.uk/Museum/Transport/Trains/ABC/ABC01.htm

ALBErt Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Albe 0000RailCarCoupler.Albe 0001
1920s Design+Patent by Karl Albert (Krefeld Germany)
Limited use as SemiPermanent DrawBars on Passenger Units in Europe
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertkupplung
http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertkoppel

BSI Couplers

RailCarCoupler.BSIx 0000RailCarCoupler.BSIx 0001
Also known as BergischeStahlInd couplers
1950s Design+Patent by BSI (Germany)
Limited use on Passenger Units in Britain+Germany+China
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://members.madasafish.com/~dysgraphyk/156/class156_BSI_coupling.htm

CB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0002RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0003
Also known as CenterBuffer\BalanceBeam couplers
Various designs & configurations
Limited use on NarrowGauge Stock in Africa+Europe
Manual Coupling, Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20061028S170_GFN-Zp2.jpg
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBalancierhebelkupplung&sandbox=1

EURO Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Engl 0000RailCarCoupler.Engl 0001RailCarCoupler.Engl 0002
Also known as British\Chain+Buffers\English\Instanter\Links+Buffers\Screw+Buffers couplers
1830 development from simple chains by LiverpoolManchesterRailway
Wide use in Britain+Africa+Europe+India+IreLand+MidEast+NewZeaLand
Limited use in Asia+Australia+SouthAmerica
Historic use in Japan; Replaced by AAR couplers in 1925
Compromise EURO~AAR couplers are known as DropHead\SwingHead couplers
Compromise EURO~RUSS couplers are known as AK69\SA4 or CAKv\SA5 couplers
Compromise EURO~SCHA couplers are known as Dellner couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 303kLb 1350kN, Tonnage 4409ShortTon 4000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 191kLb 850kN, Tonnage 2755ShortTon 2500MetricTon
Reference:
http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/gansg/4-rstock/04arstock2b.htm
http://web.archive.org/web/20111016104601/http://www.rssb.co.uk/SiteCollectionDocuments/rv_coupling_system_data/mechanical/M001.pdf
http://web.archive.org/web/20120826141824/http://www.msvmetal.eu/en/products/screw-couplings.php
http://web.archive.org/web/20121002133851/http://www.railfaneurope.net/pix/de/electric/historic/103_1/orientrot/103_170-199/db_103-174_0003.jpg

Typical Mounting Dimensions For Buffers Used With EURO Couplers:

On 4f708 1m435 Railways: HeightATOR=3f458 1m054, Center~Center=5f741 1m750 to 6f000 1m829
On 5f000 1m524 Railways: HeightATOR=3f543 1m080, Center~Center=6f000 1m829
On 5f250 1m600 Railways: HeightATOR=3f281 1m000, Center~Center=6f250 1m905
On 3f281 1m000 Railways: HeightATOR=2f461 0m750, Center~Center=?

GFAG Couplers

RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0000RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0001
Designed+Patent by GeorgFischerAG(GFAG\+GF+,Swiz)
SubTypes include GFNebenbahn(GFN), GFTram(GFT), GFVorortsbahn(GFV)
Simular but incompatible with SCHArfenberg\Shibata\Shinkansen\WAB couplers
Limited use on NarrowGauge stock in Belgium+CzechRepublic+SwitzerLand
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 225kLb 1000kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:GF_couplers

LINK Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Link 0000RailCarCoupler.Link 0001RailCarCoupler.Link 0002RailCarCoupler.Link 0003
Also known as Link+Pin\Cone\Mayo\Trichter\Trumpet\VanDorn couplers
Limited use on Historic+Industrial stock worldwide
1831~1900 Wide use in the Americas+Europe then outlawed due to injuries
1893~1900 Compromise LINK~AAR Transition couplers were MCB\AARD.SlottedKnuckle couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 69kLb 307kN, Tonnage 3858ShortTon 3500MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://cprr.org/Museum/Ephemera/Link-Pin_Couplers.html
http://harveycountyvoices.blogspot.com/2013/04/tools-from-our-collection-link-and-pin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railway_coupling#Link_and_pin
http://thecourier.typepad.com/alongtherightofway/2009/09/link-pin-couplers.html
http://railwaysurgery.org/Limbs.htm
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FTrichterkupplung&sandbox=1
http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FTrompetenkupplung

MH&P Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Mill 0000RailCarCoupler.Mill 0001RailCarCoupler.Mill 0002RailCarCoupler.Mill 0003
Also known as MillerHook&Platform couplers
1863~1866 Design+Patent by Ezra Miller (Brooklyn NewYork)
1863~1900 Used on PassengerWagons in NorthAmerica; Replaced by AAR couplers
Had slot to mate with LINK+AARD couplers on Locos & FreightWagons
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents?vid=56594
http://archive.org/stream/millerstrussedp00millgoog#page/n2/mode/2up
http://web.archive.org/web/20131214231218/http://www.midcontinent.org/fund/miller.html
http://web.archive.org/web/20131214231239/http://www.midcontinent.org/rollingstock/dictionary/millerhook.htm
http://web.archive.org/web/20131214231206/http://www.midcontinent.org/rollingstock/dictionary/millerhook_restoration.htm

NCDA Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003
Also known as NorwegianConversionDoubleArticulat\Chopper\Jones\Yoke couplers
Simular but incompatible with ABC couplers
Wide use on NarrowGauge stock in Europe+Africa+Asia+Australia+Britain+India+NewZealand
SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 55kLb 245kN, Tonnage 885ShortTon 803MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_coupling
http://www.castledare.com.au/letters/C+S%20July%202011.pdf

RUSSian Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Russ 0000RailCarCoupler.Russ 0001RailCarCoupler.Russ 0003RailCarCoupler.Russ 0002
Also known as Willison\AutoKuppler\SovietAuto couplers
SubType RUS1\SA1 developed 1913, patent by John Willison (Derby England)
SubType RUS2\SA2 developed 1930 by NationalCastingCo(USIL), sold to RussianRailways
SubType RUS3\SA3 developed 1945 by RussianRailways for heavier longer trains
SubType RUS4\SA4\AK69 developed 1969 by Knorr for Russ~Euro interchange
SubType RUS5\SA5\CAKv developed 2002 by WABCo for Russ~Euro interchange with FullAuto Pneu+Elec
All RUS SubTypes will mate to any other RUS coupler
Wide use on BroadGauge lines in Russia+East\NorthEurope+MidEast
Limited use on Industrial+Mining stock in America+Europe
Compromise RUSS~AAR couplers used in Russ~China Interchange
Compromise RUSS~EURO RUS4\SA4\AK69 & RUS5\SA5\CAKv couplers used in Russ~Euro Interchange
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling; RUS5\SA5\CAKv has FullAuto Pneu+Elec connections
Maximum Ratings: Draft 661kLb 2940kN, Tonnage 9149ShortTon 8300MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft 430kLb 1912kN, Tonnage 5952ShortTon 5400MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents/US1201667
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SA3_coupler
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-AKv_coupler
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%B2%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%86%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%BA%D0%B0_%D0%A1%D0%90-3
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:C-AKv_frontal_Zeichnung.svg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/heyst/13014074985/sizes/l
http://www.railcolor.be/forum/viewtopic.php?f=34&t=524&p=3462
http://www.automatische-mittelpufferkupplung.de/files/automatische_mittelpufferkupplung.pdf
http://www.irwincar.com/sites/default/files/sales-materials/Irwin%20Car%20Willison%20Coupler%20Flyer.PDF
http://www.htee.com.cn/product/902970841-213827605/CA_3_automatic_railway_casting_steel_coupler_with_parts.html

SCHArfenberg Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Scha 0000RailCarCoupler.Scha 0001RailCarCoupler.Scha 0002
Also known as Dellner\German\ScharfenbergKupplong(SchaKu)\Voith couplers
1903 Design+Patent by Karl Scharfenberg (Kaliningrad Russia)
Includes SubTypes 10\35\55\140\330\430\5301
Simular but incompatible with GFAG\Shibata\Shinkansen\WAB couplers
Global use on Modern Passenger Units, Limited use on Foundry Wagons for FullAutoRemoteOperation
Compromise SCHA~EURO & SCHA~AAR couplers are used for Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft 338kLb 1500kN, Tonnage 1102ShortTon 1000MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://web.archive.org/web/20140816171205/http://resource.voith.com/vt/publications/downloads/1994_e_vts_212_852_connect_u_protect_280x210_rz_screen.pdf
http://us.voith.com/en/products-services/power-transmission/scharfenberg-couplers/the-scharfenberg-operating-principle-13784.html
http://www.voith.com/en/products-services/power-transmission/scharfenberg-couplers/scharfenberg-couplers-railcars-14310.html
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Scharfenberg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scharfenberg_coupler

WAB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2 WABH2A~NewYork Couplers
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2 WABH2C~NewYork Couplers
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002 WABN~PinCup Couplers
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002 WABT~Tomlinson Couplers
Also known as WestinghouseAirBrake\Budd couplers
Various incompatible types\sizes: WABH\H2A\H2C~NewYork, WABN~PinCup, WABT6\T8\T16~Tomlinson
Derivative designs include Japanese Shibato+Shinkansen couplers
Limited use on NorthAmerican+Australian+Japanese Passenger Units
Compromise WAB~AAR couplers\cars used for Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railway_coupling#Westinghouse_H2C_MU_coupler
http://members.trainweb.com/bedt/indloco/sbr.html
http://books.google.com/books?id=T2s3AQAAMAAJ&lpg=PA549&ots=57VhGVTCuf&dq=%22ohio%20brass%22%201914%20tomlinson&pg=PA552#v=twopage&q=%22ohio%20brass%22%201914%20tomlinson&f=false

WARD Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Ward 0000RailCarCoupler.Ward 0001
1903 Design+Patent by RobertStearns+FrankWard (USIL)
1905~1935 use on British LondonUnderGround+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight stock
Requires problematic SafetyChains that often Drag+Short to 3rdRail
Replaced by WEDG couplers on 1936+Later Transit stock
WARD couplers can still be seen on older Engineering\MaintenanceOfWay stock
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.google.com/patents/US737673
http://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/pages/US737673-0.png
http://www.trainweb.org/tubeprune/coupling.htm#LER%20Tube%20Lines

WEDGelock Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0000RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0001RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0002RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0003RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0004
Also known as London couplers
Limited use on 1936+Later British LondonUnderground+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight stock
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Decoupling
Maximum Ratings: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Typical Service: Draft ?kLb ?kN, Tonnage ?ShortTon ?MetricTon
Reference:
http://www.trainweb.org/districtdave/html/coupling___uncoupling.html

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