FANDOM


The most common RailCar Coupler designs are Listed\Described\Depicted below, as used worldwide on Legacy+Modern RailWays. Couplers of Compatible\Like design often are known by different Make\Brand\Regional\Nick names. Compromise Couplers\Wagons transition between otherwise incompatible Couplers.

Click any Image\Video below for a larger view. DeadLinks can sometimes be revived via the InternetArchive.

AARx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.AARx 0000 AARx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.AARC 0000 AARC With 9"HiSlottedNuckle For 1893~1903 Transition From L&Px+MHPx Couplers
RailCarCoupler.AARD 0000 AARD With 9"HiSolidNuckle For 1904~1931 Locos + Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARE 0000 AARE With 11"HiHeavyNuckle For 1932+Later Locos + Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARF 0000 AARF With InterLockBody For 1954+Later Passenger Locos + HazMat\Rotary Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARH 0000 AARH With TightLockBody For 1947+Later Passenger Locos\MultiUnits\Wagons
AlsoKnownAs: American\Janney\CBC\DropHead\Nuckle\SwingHead\MCB\VerticalPlane Couplers
Standards: AmericanAssocRailways\AAR, AmericanPsgrTransport\APT=AMTraK
Developments: 1873~1882\E.Janney\USVA, 1893\SafetyApplianceAct\USDC
Manufacturers: AmericanSteel&Foundry\BESCo\ColumbusCastings\McConway&Torley\WilliamCookRail...
Wide Use In LatinAmerica\SouthAmerica\Africa\Asia\Austrialia\India\Indonesia\Japan\MidEast...
Limited Use On FreightUnits+PassengerUnits+PassengerCoaches In Britain+NewZeaLand
Scale 0.500\0.750 Versions Used On Amusement+Industrial RailWays
Types AARC+AARD+AARE+AARF+AARH Are Compatible & Mate To Each Other
JapanRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers On All Stock In 1 Day In 1925
SouthAfricaRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers Over 30+Years Starting 1927
IndianRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers Over 30+Years Starting 1980
Compromise AARx~UICx Couplers (HingedThumb) Used For IndianRailWays Transition
Compromise AARx~UICx Couplers (DropHead\SwingHead) Used In Britain+Australia+NewZeaLand
Compromise AARx~RUSx Couplers Used For Chin~Russ InterChange
Compromise AARx~SCHx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue WorldWide
Compromise AARx~SHIx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue In Japan+Venezuela
Compromise AARx~WABx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue In NorthAmerica
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; AARH Couplers May Have FullAuto Pneu+Elec Connections
Max Ratings: Draw 650kLb 2891kN, Tons 36376sT 33000mT
Typical Duty: Draw 230kLb 1067kN, Tons 13227sT 12000mT
Center/Rail: 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f229 0m070 On 3f000 0m914 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f542 0m775 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In NorthAmerica
Center/Rail: 2f781 0m848 +\- 0f223 0m068 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Australia
Center/Rail: 3f153 0m961 +\- 0f282 0m086 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Britain
Center/Rail: 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 5f500 1m676 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

ABCx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ABCx~0000 ABCx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.ABCx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: AutoBuffingContact\AutoLink Couplers
Developments: 1906\J.Jepson\Brit
Compatible With L&Px Couplers, Simular But Incompatible With NORx Couplers
Replaced Outlawed L&Px Couplers On BritishColonial NarrowGage Stock
SemiAuto Coupling, SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 35kLb 156kN, Tons 1959sT 1777mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink

ALBx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ALBx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: Albert Couplers
Developments: 1920s\K.Albert\Germany
Used On Some European StreetTrams+LRVs As SemiPerm DrawBars
Manufacturers: Dellner
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 90kLb 400kN, Tons 5023sT 4556mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

BSIx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.BSIx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: BergischeStahlIndustries Coupler
Developments: 1950s\BergischeStahlIndustries\Germany
Limited Use On PassengerUnits in Germany+Britain+China
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 191kLb 850kN, Tons 10695ShortTon 9703MetricTon
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 3f035 0m925 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

CBBx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.CBBx 0000
AlsoKnownAs: CenterBufferBeam Couplers
Various Designs\Configurations
Limited Use On NarrowGage Stock In Africa+Europe
Manual Coupling, Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

L&Px Couplers

RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0003 L&Px Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0004RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0000RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0001RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0002
AlsoKnownAs: Link&Pin\Cone\Mayo\Trichter\Trumpet\VanDorn Couplers
Developments: Evolved From Simple Chains In 1830s NorthAmerica
Used On Legacy+Industrial Stock WorldWide
Wide Use On 1831~1903 Stock In America+Europe+BritishColonies, Replaced Due To Injuries
Compromise L&Px~AARx Couplers With SlottedNuckle Used For 1893~1903 NorthAmerican Transition
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 69kLb 307kN, Tons 3858sT 3500mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f229 0m070 On 3f000 0m914 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

MHPx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Mill 0003 MHPx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Mill 0000RailCarCoupler.Mill 0001RailCarCoupler.Mill 0002
AlsoKnownAs: MillerHookPlatform Couplers
Developments: 1863~1866\E.Miller\USNY
Limited Use On 1863~1903 Passenger Wagons In NorthAmerica, Replaced By AARx Couplers
Slotted For Transition To L&Px+AARx Couplers On Locos & FreightWagons
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

NORx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003 NORx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002
AlsoKnownAs: Norwegian\Chopper\Jones\Yoke Couplers
Simular But Incompatible With ABCx Couplers
Wide Use On NarrowGage Stock In Europe+Africa+Asia+Australia+Britain+India+NewZealand
SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 55kLb 245kN, Tons 885sT 803mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

RUSx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Russ 0002 RUSx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Russ 0000RailCarCoupler.Russ 0001RailCarCoupler.Russ 0003
AlsoKnownAs: Russian\RZD\GOSt\CBC\SovietAutoKuppler\VerticalPlane\Willison Couplers
Standards: GOsudarStandards\GOSt, RussianRail\RZD
Development: RUS1\SAK1 1913\J.Willison\Brit
Development: RUS2\SAK2 1930\NationalCastings\USIL For RussianRail
Development: RUS3\SAK3 1945\RussianRail For Heavier\Longer Trains
Development: RUS4\SAK4\AK69 1969\Knorr\Germany For Russ~Euro Interchange
Development: RUS5\SAK5\CAKV\ZAKV 2002\WABCo\Brit For Russ~Euro Interchange, FullAuto
Type RUS1\RUS2\RUS3\RUS4\RUS5 Are All Compatible & Mate To Each Other
RussianRailWays Converted UICx To RUSx Couplers Over 20+ Years Starting 1935
Wide Use On 5f00 1m524 Gage RailWays Of Russian Influence
Limited Use On Industrial+Mining Stock In America+Europe
Compromise RUSx~AARx Couplers For Russ~China Interchange
Compromise RUSx~UICx RUS4\SA4\AK69 & RUS5\SA5\CAKv\ZAKv Couplers For Russ~Euro Interchange
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; RUS5\SA5\CAKv\ZAKv Has FullAuto Pneu+Elec Connections
Max Ratings: Draw 661kLb 2940kN, Tons 9149sT 8300mT
Typical Duty: Draw 430kLb 1912kN, Tons 5952sT 5400mT
Center/Rail: 3f333 1m016 +\- 0f208 0m064 On 5f000 1m524 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

SCHx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0002 SCHx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0000RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0001
AlsoKnownAs: Scharfenberg\SchaKu\Dellner\Voith Couplers\Kupplongs
Developments: 1903\K.Scharfenberg\Russ
Includes Compatible SubTypes 10\35\55\140\330\430\5301
Simular But Incompatible With SGFx\SHIx\WABx Couplers
Global Use On Modern DMUs+EMUs, Limited Use On FoundryWagons For FullAuto RemoteOperation
Compromise SCHx~UICx & SCHx~AARx Couplers For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 338kLb 1500kN, Tons 1102sT 1000mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In NorthAmerica
Center/Rail: 3f363 1m025 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Britain
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

SGFx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SGFN 0000 SGFN Used On Some European NarrowGauge Stock
RailCarCoupler.SGFT 0000 SGFT Used On Some European StreetTrams+LRVs
RailCarCoupler.SGFV 0000 SGFV Used On Some European PassengerUnits
AlsoKnownAs: SecheronGeorgFischer Couplers
Developments: Year?\G.Fischer\Swiz
Manufacturers: Secheron+GF, Voith...
Types SGFNeben+SGFTram+SGFVorort Are Incompatible & Do NOT Mate With Each Other
Simular To But Incompatible With SCHx\SHIx\WABx Couplers
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 225kLb 1000kN, Tons 12582sT 11414mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m???? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

SHIB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SHIB 0000
AlsoKnownAs: Shibata Couplers
Developments: 1930s\M.Shibata\Japan
Simular But Incompatible With SGFx\SCHx\SHIN\WABx Couplers
Limited Use On Passenger Units In Japan+Venezuela
Compromise SHIB~AARx Couplers Used For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

SHIN Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SHIN 0000RailCarCoupler.SHIN 0001
AlsoKnownAs: Shinkansen Couplers
Developments: 1964\Shinkansen\Japan
Simular But Incompatible With SGFx\SCHx\SHIB\WABx Couplers
Limited Use On Express\HiSpeed PassengerUnits In Japan
Compromise SHIN~AARx Couplers For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

UICx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Engl 0000RailCarCoupler.Engl 0001RailCarCoupler.Engl 0002
AlsoKnownAs: British\Buffer\English\Euro\Instanter\Screw Couplers
Standards: UnionInternatChem\UIC
Developments: Evolved From Simple Chains On 1830s LiverpoolManchesterRailWay
Manufacturers: Goehmann&Co\HaiduoRail...
Wide Use In Britain+Africa+Europe+IreLand+MidEast+NewZeaLand
Limited Use In Asia+Australia+SouthAmerica
Wide Use In Japan Before 1925, Replaced In 1 Day With AARx Couplers
Wide Use In India Before 1979 On Legacy Stock, Modern Stock Has AAR Couplers
Compromise UICx~AARx Couplers AreKnownAs DropHead\SwingHead Couplers
Compromise UICx~RUSx Couplers AreKnownAs AK69\SA4 Or CAKv\SA5 Couplers
Compromise UICx~SCHx Couplers AreKnownAs Dellner Couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 303kLb 1350kN, Tons 4409sT 4000mT
Typical Duty: Draw 191kLb 850kN, Tons 2755sT 2500mT
Center/Rail 2f461 0m750 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f281 1m000 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f021 0m006, BufferSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f448 1m051 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 5f871 1m789, On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f543 1m080 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 6f000 1m829, On 5f000 1m524 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f281 1m000 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 6f250 1m905, On 5f250 1m600 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038, BufferSPread ?f??? ?m???, On 5f500 1m676 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WABx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2 WABA Couplers
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2 WABC Couplers
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002 WABN Couplers
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002 WABT Couplers
AlsoKnownAs: Budd\H2A\H2C\BullPin\Pin&Cup\Tomlinson\Westinghouse Couplers
Various Incompatible SubTypes & Sizes: WABA\WABC\WABN\WABT
Simular But Incompatible With SGFx\SCHx\SHIx Couplers
Used On Modern Transit Stock In NorthAmerica+Australia After 1915
Compromise WABx~AARx Couplers\Cars Used For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WARD Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Ward 0001 WARD Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Ward 0000
Developments: 1903\F.Ward\USIL
Limited Use On 1905~1935 British LondonUnderGround+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight Stock
Requires Problematic SafetyChains That Drag & Often Short 3rdRailLiveElectric\3RLE
Replaced By WEDG Couplers On 1936+Later Transit Stock; Still Used On Legacy Maintenance Stock
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WEDG Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0004 WEDG Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0000RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0001RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0002RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0003
AlsoKnownAs: WedgeLock\London Couplers
Used On 1936+Later British LondonUnderground+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight Stock
Manufacturers: WilliamCookRail
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.