FANDOM


The most common coupler designs are Listed\Described\Depicted below, as used worldwide on Legacy+Modern RailWays. Couplers of Compatible\Like design often are known by different Make\Brand\Regional\Nick names. Compromise Couplers\Wagons transition between otherwise incompatible Couplers.

Click any Image\Video below for a larger view. DeadLinks can sometimes be revived via the InternetArchive.

AARx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.AARx 0000 AARx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.AARC 0000 AARC With 9"HiSlottedNuckle For 1893~1903 Transition From L&Px+MHPx Couplers
RailCarCoupler.AARD 0000 AARD With 9"HiSolidNuckle For 1904~1931 Locos + Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARE 0000 AARE With 11"HiHeavyNuckle For 1932+Later Locos + Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARF 0000 AARF With InterLockBody For 1954+Later Passenger Locos + HazMat\Rotary Wagons
RailCarCoupler.AARH 0000 AARH With TightLockBody For 1947+Later Passenger Locos\MultiUnits\Wagons
AlsoKnownAs: American\Janney\CBC\DropHead\Nuckle\SwingHead\MCB\VerticalPlane Couplers
Standards: AmericanAssocRailways\AAR, AmericanPsgrTransport\APT=AMTraK
Designs\Patents: 1873+1874+1879+1882 E.Janney(USVA), 1893 SafetyApplianceAct(USDC)
Manufacturers: AmericanSteel&Foundry, BESCo, ColumbusCastings, Haiduo, McConway&Torley...
Wide Use In LatinAmerica\SouthAmerica\Africa\Asia\Austrialia\India\Indonesia\Japan\MidEast...
Limited Use On FreightUnits+PassengerUnits+PassengerCoaches In Britain+NewZeaLand
Scale 0.500\0.750 Versions Used On Amusement+Industrial RailWays
Type AARC\AARD\AARE\AARF\AARH Are All Compatible & Mate To Each Other
JapanRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers On All Stock In 1 Day In 1925
SouthAfricaRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers Over 30+Years Starting 1927
IndianRailWays Converted UICx To AARx Couplers Over 30+Years Starting 1980
Compromise AARx~UICx Couplers (HingedThumb) Used For IndianRailWays Transition
Compromise AARx~UICx Couplers (DropHead\SwingHead) Used In Britain+Australia+NewZeaLand
Compromise AARx~RUSx Couplers Used For Chin~Russ InterChange
Compromise AARx~SCHx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue WorldWide
Compromise AARx~SHIx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue In Japan+Venezuela
Compromise AARx~WABx Couplers Used For Loco~Unit Rescue In NorthAmerica
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; AARH Couplers May Have FullAuto Pneu+Elec Connections
Max Ratings: Draw 650kLb 2891kN, Tons 36376sT 33000mT
Typical Duty: Draw 230kLb 1067kN, Tons 13227sT 12000mT
Center/Rail: 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f229 0m070 On 3f000 0m914 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f542 0m775 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In NorthAmerica
Center/Rail: 2f781 0m848 +\- 0f223 0m068 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Australia
Center/Rail: 3f153 0m961 +\- 0f282 0m086 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Britain
Center/Rail: 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 5f500 1m676 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

ABCx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ABCx~0000 ABCx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.ABCx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: AutoBuffingContact\AutoLink Couplers
Designs\Patents: 1906 J.Jepson(Britain)
Compatible With L&Px Couplers, Simular But Incompatible With NORx Couplers
Replaced Outlawed L&Px Couplers On BritishColonial NarrowGage Stock
SemiAuto Coupling, SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 35kLb 156kN, Tons 1959sT 1777mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink

ALBx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.ALBx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: Albert Couplers
Designs\Patents: 1920s K.Albert(Germany)
Limited Use On PassengerUnits\LightRailVehicles As SemiPerm DrawBars In Europe
Manufacturers: Dellner
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 90kLb 400kN, Tons 5023sT 4556mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

BSIx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.BSIx~0001
AlsoKnownAs: BergischeStahlIndustries Coupler
Designs\Patents: 1950s BergischeStahlIndustries(Germany)
Limited Use On PassengerUnits in Germany+Britain+China
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 191kLb 850kN, Tons 10695ShortTon 9703MetricTon
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 3f035 0m925 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

CBBx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0002RailCarCoupler.CBxx 0003
AlsoKnownAs: CenterBufferBeam Couplers
Various Designs\Configurations
Limited Use On NarrowGage Stock In Africa+Europe
Manual Coupling, Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

GFAx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0000RailCarCoupler.GFxx 0001
AlsoKnownAs: GFA\+GF+\Fischer Couplers
Designs\Patents: Year? G.FischerAG(Swiz)
Incompatible SubTypes Include GFANeben\GFAN, GFATram\GFAT, GFAVorort\GFAV
Simular But Incompatible With SCHx\SHIx\WABx Couplers
Limited Use On NarrowGage Stock In BeNeLux+CzechRepublic+SwitzerLand
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 225kLb 1000kN, Tons 12582sT 11414mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m???? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink

L&Px Couplers

RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0003 L&Px Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0004RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0000RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0001RailCarCoupler.L&Px 0002
AlsoKnownAs: Link&Pin\Cone\Mayo\Trichter\Trumpet\VanDorn Couplers
Designs\Patents: Evolved From Simple Chains In 1830s NorthAmerica
Used On Legacy+Industrial Stock WorldWide
Wide Use On 1831~1903 Stock In America+Europe+BritishColonies, Replaced Due To Injuries
Compromise L&Px~AARx Couplers With SlottedNuckle Used For 1893~1903 NorthAmerican Transition
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 69kLb 307kN, Tons 3858sT 3500mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f229 0m070 On 3f000 0m914 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

MHPx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Mill 0003 MHPx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Mill 0000RailCarCoupler.Mill 0001RailCarCoupler.Mill 0002
AlsoKnownAs: MillerHookPlatform Couplers
Designs\Patents: 1863~1866 E.Miller(USNY)
Limited Use On 1863~1903 Passenger Wagons In NorthAmerica, Replaced By AARx Couplers
Slotted For Transition To L&Px+AARx Couplers On Locos & FreightWagons
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

NORx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003 NORx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002
AlsoKnownAs: Norwegian\Chopper\Jones\Yoke Couplers
Simular But Incompatible With ABCx Couplers
Wide Use On NarrowGage Stock In Europe+Africa+Asia+Australia+Britain+India+NewZealand
SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 55kLb 245kN, Tons 885sT 803mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

RUSx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Russ 0002 RUSx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Russ 0000RailCarCoupler.Russ 0001RailCarCoupler.Russ 0003
AlsoKnownAs: Russian\RZD\GOSt\CBC\SovietAutoKuppler\VerticalPlane\Willison Couplers
Standards: GOsudarStandards\GOSt, RussianRailWay\RZD
Patent: RUS1\SAK1 1913 J.Willison(Britain)
Design: RUS2\SAK2 1930 NationalCastings(USIL) For RussianRailWays
Design: RUS3\SAK3 1945 RussianRailWays For Heavier\Longer Trains
Design: RUS4\SAK4\AK69 1969 KnorrBremse(Germany) For Russ~Euro Interchange
Design: RUS5\SAK5\CAKV\ZAKV 2002 WABCo(Britain) For Russ~Euro Interchange, FullAuto
Type RUS1\RUS2\RUS3\RUS4\RUS5 Are All Compatible & Mate To Each Other
RussianRailWays Converted UICx To RUSx Couplers Over 20+ Years Starting 1935
Wide Use On 5f00 1m524 Gage RailWays Of Russian Influence
Limited Use On Industrial+Mining Stock In America+Europe
Compromise RUSx~AARx Couplers For Russ~China Interchange
Compromise RUSx~UICx RUS4\SA4\AK69 & RUS5\SA5\CAKv\ZAKv Couplers For Russ~Euro Interchange
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; RUS5\SA5\CAKv\ZAKv Has FullAuto Pneu+Elec Connections
Max Ratings: Draw 661kLb 2940kN, Tons 9149sT 8300mT
Typical Duty: Draw 430kLb 1912kN, Tons 5952sT 5400mT
Center/Rail: 3f333 1m016 +\- 0f208 0m064 On 5f000 1m524 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

SCHx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0002 SCHx Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0000RailCarCoupler.SCHx 0001
AlsoKnownAs: Scharfenberg\SchaKu\Dellner\Voith Couplers\Kupplongs
Designs\Patents: 1903 K.Scharfenberg(Russia)
Includes Compatible SubTypes 10\35\55\140\330\430\5301
Simular But Incompatible With GFAx\SHIx\WABx Couplers
Global Use On Modern PassengerUnits, Limited Use On FoundryWagons For FullAuto RemoteOperation
Compromise SCHx~UICx & SCHx~AARx Couplers For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw 338kLb 1500kN, Tons 1102sT 1000mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In NorthAmerica
Center/Rail: 3f363 1m025 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays In Britain
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

SHIB Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SHIB 0000
AlsoKnownAs: Shibata Couplers
Designs\Patents: 1930s M.Shibata(Japan)
Simular But Incompatible With GFAx\SCHx\SHIN\WABx Couplers
Limited Use On Passenger Units In Japan+Venezuela
Compromise SHIB~AARx Couplers Used For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink

SHIN Couplers

RailCarCoupler.SHIN 0000RailCarCoupler.SHIN 0001
AlsoKnownAs: Shinkansen Couplers
Designs\Patents: 1964 Shinkansen(Japan)
Simular But Incompatible With GFAx\SCHx\SHIB\WABx Couplers
Limited Use On Express\HiSpeed PassengerUnits In Japan
Compromise SHIN~AARx Couplers For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

UICx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Engl 0000RailCarCoupler.Engl 0001RailCarCoupler.Engl 0002
AlsoKnownAs: British\Buffer\English\Euro\Instanter\Screw Couplers
Standards: UnionInternatChem\UIC
Designs\Patents: Evolved From Simple Chains On 1830s LiverpoolManchesterRailWay
Wide Use In Britain+Africa+Europe+IreLand+MidEast+NewZeaLand
Limited Use In Asia+Australia+SouthAmerica
Wide Use In Japan Before 1925, Replaced In 1 Day With AARx Couplers
Wide Use In India Before 1979 On Legacy Stock, Modern Stock Has AAR Couplers
Compromise UICx~AARx Couplers AreKnownAs DropHead\SwingHead Couplers
Compromise UICx~RUSx Couplers AreKnownAs AK69\SA4 Or CAKv\SA5 Couplers
Compromise UICx~SCHx Couplers AreKnownAs Dellner Couplers
Manual Coupling; Manual Release
Max Ratings: Draw 303kLb 1350kN, Tons 4409sT 4000mT
Typical Duty: Draw 191kLb 850kN, Tons 2755sT 2500mT
Center/Rail 2f461 0m750 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f281 1m000 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f021 0m006, BufferSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f500 1m067 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f448 1m051 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 5f871 1m789, On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f543 1m080 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 6f000 1m829, On 5f000 1m524 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f281 1m000 +\- ?f??? ?m???, BufferSpread 6f250 1m905, On 5f250 1m600 Gage RailWays
Center/Rail 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038, BufferSPread ?f??? ?m???, On 5f500 1m676 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WABx Couplers

RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2 WABA Couplers
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2 WABC Couplers
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002 WABN Couplers
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002 WABT Couplers
AlsoKnownAs: Budd\H2A\H2C\BullPin\Pin&Cup\Tomlinson\Westinghouse Couplers
Various Incompatible SubTypes & Sizes: WABA\WABC\WABN\WABT
Simular But Incompatible With GFAx\SCHx\SHIx Couplers
Used On Modern Transit Stock In NorthAmerica+Australia After 1915
Compromise WABx~AARx Couplers\Cars Used For Unit~Loco Rescue+Maintenance
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WARD Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Ward 0001 WARD Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Ward 0000
Designs\Patents: 1903 F.Ward(USIL)
Limited Use On 1905~1935 British LondonUnderGround+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight Stock
Requires Problematic SafetyChains That Drag & Often Short 3rdRailLiveElectric\3RLE
Replaced By WEDG Couplers On 1936+Later Transit Stock; Still Used On Legacy Maintenance Stock
SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink InfoLink InfoLink

WEDG Couplers

RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0004 WEDG Coupler Concept
RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0000RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0001RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0002RailCarCoupler.Wedg 0003
AlsoKnownAs: WedgeLock\London Couplers
Used On 1936+Later British LondonUnderground+GlasgowSubway+IsleOfWight Stock
FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release
Max Ratings: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Typical Duty: Draw ?kLb ?kN, Tons ?sT ?mT
Center/Rail: 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 Gage RailWays
InfoLink

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.